Airtightness sealing has a wide range of significant impacts on buildings. After all, air can flow through the building envelope in an undesired manner if the airtightness sealing is poor. Substances or energy can be transported in this way – this is referred to as convection.
This means that heat leaves the building in an undesired manner during the winter or enters in summertime.
A joint with a width of 1 mm and a length of 1 m in a building structure looks small, but has a major impact. The heat losses increase by a factor of 4.8. In addition, up to 0.8 litres of humidity can enter the building structure in a single day.
Scientific studies have shown that the thermal insulation performance can be reduced to just 20 per cent in the case of strong air flow (i.e. through leaks).
Alongside these heat flows, water that is present in the interior in the form of air humidity can enter into building components through leaks in the airtightness. In winter, the temperature in these building components falls. Condensation liquid can then form, which can lead to subsequent damage such as mould.
Unwelcome odours or harmful substances can also spread – and who wants to be able to smell what the neighbours are cooking?
Joints to other building components are always challenging: they are just a few millimetres in width, but have to offer the same performance as an exterior wall with a thickness of 40 centimetres. Alongside the external influences that act on a building component, there are also laws and standards that stipulate requirements that joints have to fulfil. The wishes of clients or investors are additional considerations that have to be taken into account. The quality and performance of window joints are dependent on good planning, installation according to the three-layer principle, and the choice of materials used.
Careful installation is important in order to ensure the performance of the building envelope and to avoid structural damage and mould. The design principle of three functional layers must be taken into account during planning and installation
Anyone who wants to plan, build or live in a building that is free from damage should choose a vapour retarder with an effective hydrosafe value. Hydrosafe? Yes, it sounds complicated but we’ll explain what it means in simple terms in these new proclima.tv videos: